Antonio Callado

(1917 - 1997)

Brazil

© Ana Arruda

 

 

Antonio Callado, born in Niterói, Brazil, in 1917, is one of the most significant representatives of Brazilian literature. He studied law and entered journalism at a young age. Callado worked for the BBC in London and was a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

 

 

Antonio Callado's novel Quarup made him a name beyond Brazil. The title refers to the indigenous Brazilian festival of burning and rebirth of the ancestors. Father Nando, a missionary, is sent to convert the Indios in the Xingú reservation. Galvanized by friends' accounts, he joins the struggle for liberation of the rural population living in abject poverty in the north-east of Brazil.

When Quarup was published in 1967, Brazil had been under a military dictatorship, with politically active priests suffering particularly harsh persecution. Callado's novel gained special significance in this socical setting and is still one of the most important novels in Brazilian contemporary literature to this day.

 

Quarup is an excellent reflection of the huge and complex nation of Brazil.

Veja

 

 

Sempreviva is one of Callado's most significant works. The Brazilian Quinho intends to avenge the murder of his lover, the mulatto girl Lucinda, who was abducted by the military regime, and then tortured and killed on a fazenda.

 

Sempreviva is a fine example of literature anchored in the political and social context of its time, yet not sacrificing artistic quality to its topical material.

Tagesanzeiger

 

 

In A expedição Montaigne ("The Montaigne Expedition"), a journalist wants to free the native population from the white man. As an admirer of French culture, he takes along a bust of Montaigne. But the plan comes to a disastrous end.

 

 

Novels:

 

Assunção de Salviano

Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio 1954; Nova Fronteira 1983, 146 p.

 

A Madona de Cedro

Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio 1957; Nova Fronteira 1981, 223 p.

 

Quarup

Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira 1967; Nova Fronteira 1990, 604 p.

France: Seuil 1971 Germany: Kiepenheuer & Witsch 1988, 2016 Italy: Bompiani 1972 Spain: Argos Vergara 1979 US: Knopf 1970

 

Bar Don Juan

Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira 1971; Nova Fronteira 2001, 254 p.

Argentina: Ediciones de la Flor US: Knopf 1972

 

Reflexos do Baile

Rio de Janeiro: Editora Paz e Terra  1977, 140 p.

 

A Expedição Montaigne

Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira 1983, 132 p.

France: Presses de la Renaissance 1989 Germany: Kiepenheuer & Witsch 1991

 

Sempreviva

São Paulo: Circulo do Livro 1984, Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira, 5. ed. 1990, 290 p.

Colombia: Norma 1999 France: Presses de la Renaissance 1985, Belfond Germany: Kiepenheuer & Witsch 1985, 2016, Rowohlt pb 1987, Piper pb 1992 Italy: Riuniti 1990, Vascello 1994

 

Concerto Carioca

Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira 1985, 404 p.

Italy: Riuniti 1990

 

Memórias de Aldenham House

Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira 1989, 306 p.

 

 

Essays:

 

Esqueleto na Lagoa Verde, 1953

São Paulo: Companhia das Letras 2010, 158 p.

Germany: Berenberg

 

Os Industriais de Seca

Rio de Janeiro : Civilação Brasileira  1960, 171 p.

 

Tempo de Arreas, 1964

Rio de Janeiro: Editora Paz e Terra 1980, 200 p.

 

Vietnã do Norte

Rio de Janeiro: Editora Paz e Terra 1977, 171 p.

 

Passaporte sem Carimbo, 1978